Syn. Leguminosae

Pea and Bean family

FORM Herbs, climbers, shrubs and trees. Many species thorny, some with nitrogen fixing bacteria in their roots.

Genera   600            

Species 12,000 in our area 230 (Gray); 204 (B&B)43

Distribution Global from the tropics to the artic

Flowers Perfect and irregular,

#Parts   5 joined petals comprised of 1 banner petal, 2 wing petals, and 2 keel petals. 10 Stamens

Symmetry Bilateral

Leaves Alternate, usually pinnately compound.

This very large (3rd largest) family is traditionally split into three subfamilies, held together by their all having a pod known as a legume. Legumes split into two halves leaving the seeds all in a row