FORM Terrestrial perennial herbs from rhizomes or fleshy roots, sometimes epiphytic.
Genera 735 (83569)
Species 17,000 (25,000 69)in our area 76 (Gray); 67 (B&B)43
Distribution Tropical and temperate regions
Flowers Perfect irregular, solitary, spike or raceme, bilaterally symmetrical usually with a large lower lip.
#Parts 6 segments in 2 whorls 1-2flower parts in 3’s petals and sepals often similar (tepals)
Leaves Parallel-veined, often fleshy with sheathing bases, basal or alternate unlobed and without stalks.
|The largest family of flowering plants, with great variety in the tropics and subtropics.|