58Aiken, George. 1968 Pioneering with Wildflowers Prentice-Hall, Inc. New Jersey

62Andrews, Jonathan 1987. The Country Diary Book of Creating a Wild Flower Garden Henery Holt and Company. New York

66Art, Henery W. 1986. A Garden of Wildflowers. Garden Way Publishing

66Art, Henery W. 1987. A Wildflower Gardener's Guide: Northeastern, Mid-Atlantic, Great lakes, and Eastern Canada Edition. Garden Way Publishing

3Bailey,L.H. 1963. How Plants get their names. Dover New York

70Barden, Lawrence S. 1997. Historic Prairies in the Piedmont of North and South Carolina, USA Natural Areas Journal 17: 149-1 52

47Birdseye, Clarence & Eleanor. 1951, Growing Woodland Plants. Oxford University Press. Dover reprint 1972.

59Bruce, Hal. 1976 How to Grow Wildflowers and Wild Shrubs and Trees in Your Own Garden. Alfred Knopf. New York

2Coffey, Timothy 1993. The History and Folklore of North American Wildflowers. Houghton Mifflin Company USA

35Coon, Nelson 1974. The Dictionary of Useful Plants. Rodale Press

32Couplan, Francois. 1998. The Encyclopedia of Edible Plants of North America. Keats Publishing New Canaan, Connecticut.

38Cox, Donald. 2005. A Naturalists Guide to Field Plants; An Ecology for Eastern North America. Syracuse University Press.

39Crocket, Lawrence J. 1977. Wildly Successful Plants: A Handbook of North American Weeds. Collier Books, New York

13Dana, Mrs. William Star. 1893. How to Know the Wild Flowers. Charles Scribner’s Sons Reprinted 1989 Houghton Mifflin Co.

10Densmore, Frank 1928. “Uses of plants by the Chippewa Indians” 44th annual report of the Bureau of American Ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution 1926-1927. Dover reprint 1974,

44Dietz, Marjorie 1965. The Concise Encyclopedia of Wild Flowers. Weathervane Books

1Durant, Mary 1976. Who named the Daisy? Who named the rose? Dodd, Mead & Company New York

7Eastman, John. 1992. The book of Forest and Thicket. Stackpole Books.

8Eastman, John. 1995. The book of Swamp and Bog. Stackpole Books.

9Eastman, John. 2003. The book of Field and Roadside. Stackpole Books.

29Elliott, Douglas 1976 Roots An Underground Botany and Forager’s Guide. Chatham Press Greenwich Connecticut.

54 Fernald,Merritt. 1950. Gray's Manual of Botany. 8th Ed. American Book Company. New York

71Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds. 1993+. Flora of North America North of Mexico. 7+ vols. New York and Oxford.

19Foster, Steven and Roger Caras. 1994. Peterson Field Guides. Venomous animals and Poisonous Plants. Houghton Mifflin Co. Boston, New York

72Foster, Steven and James A. Duke. 2000. Peterson Field Guides. A Field Guide to Medicinal Plants and Herbs of Eastern and Central North America. Houghton Mifflin Co. Boston, New York

26 Forey, Pamela. 1990. American Nature Guides: Wild Flowers Gallery Books, New York

40Gibbons, Euell 1962. Stalking the Wild Asparagus. David McKay Co. New York

18Gleason, Henry 1968. The New Britton and Brown Illustrated Flora of the Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Hafner Publishing Co. New York

37Gleason, Henery and Arthur Cronquist 1963. Manual of the Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. D. Van Nostrand Co. New York

5 Gumpton, Oscar W. and Fred C. Swope 1979 Wildflowers of the Shenandoah Valley and Blue Ridge Mountains. University Press of Virginia Charlottesville.

51Hasel, Esther 1973 “Coreopsis for Reds on Cotton and Wool” in Natural Plant Dying a handbook. Brooklyn Botanic Garden Record Plants and Gardens 29(2):33

12Hemmerly, Thomas 2000. Appalachian Wildflowers Univ. Georgia Press

30Hitchcock, Susan Tyler 1980. Gather ye wild things. Harper and Row, Publishers New York

41Hutchens, Alma R. 1992. A Handbook of Native American Herbs. Shambhala Boston & London

21James, Wilma Roberts 1973. Know your Poisonous Plants Naturegraph Publishers, Happy Camp California.

57Jones, Pamela 1994. Just Weeds. Chapters Publishing Ltd, Shelburn, VT

73Klimas, John and James Cunningham. 1974 Wildflowers of Eastern America. Alfred A. Knopf New York

50Krochmal, Arnold and Connie. 1974. The Complete Illustrated Book of Dyes from Natural Sources. Doubleday.

15Lounsberry, Alice  and Ellis Rowan, 1901. Southern Wildflowers and Trees Fredrick A. Stokes Co. New York

22Martin, Laura C 1984. Wildflower Folklore. East Woods Press Charlotte NC.

23 Martin, Laura C 1989 Southern Wildflowers Longstreet Press Marietta Georgia

31Massey, A.B. 1961 Virginia Flora Technical Bulletin 155. Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station Blacksburg, VA

4Mathews, F. Schuyler 1902. Field book of American Wildflowers. Knickerbocker Press New York, 2001 Facsimile edition Sterling Publishing Co NY

11Medina, Barbara and Victor Medina 2002. Southern Appalachian Wildflowers. Falcon Guilford Connecticut

34Medve, Richard J. and Mary Lee Medeve. 1990. Edible Wild Plants of Pennsylvania and Neighboring States. The Pennsylvania University Press, University Park and London.

67Miles, Bebe, 1976. Wildflower Perennials for Your Garden. Hawthror Books New York

27Newcomb, Lawrence 1977. Newcomb’s Wildflower Guide. Little Brown and Co. New York.

36Nuzzo,Victoria 1997. The Nature Conservancy; Element Stewardship Abstract - For Lonicera japonica

28Nyerges, Christopher 1999. Guide to Wild Foods and Useful Plants. Chicago Review Press.

20Peterson, Lee Allen1977. Peterson Field Guides. Edible Wild Plants. Houghton Mifflin Co. Boston, New York

43Peterson, Roger T and Margaret McKenny. 1968 A Field Guide to Wildflowers of Northeastern and Northcentral North America. Houghton Mifflin Co. Boston

60Phillips, Harry. 1985  Growing and Propagating Wild Flowers.  University of North Carolina Press.   Chapel Hill

25Rhoads, Ann Fowler and Timothy A. Block 2000  The Plants of Pennsylvania. University of Pennsylvania Press Philadelphia Pa.

42Rickett, Harold W. 1963, A New Field Book of American Wildflowers. Putnam’s Sons, New York.

33Rickett, Harold W. 1966. Wild flowers of the United States: Volume 1: The Northeastern states. The New York Botanical Garden, McGraw-Hill Book Company.

45Royer, France and Richard Dickinson. 1999, Weeds of the Northern U.S. and Canada. Lone Pine Publishing, University of Alberta Press Edmonton Alberta Canada.

36Russell, Alice  Poisonous Plants of North Carolina

17Sanders, Jack 1993. Hedgemaids and Fairy Candles. Ragged Mountain Press, Camden Maine.

6Sanders, Jack 2003. The secrets of wildflowers. Lyons Press. Guilford CT.

56Schneider, Anny 2002. Wild Medicinal Plants. Stackpole Books. Mechanicsburg Pa.

49Smith, Richard M. 1998. Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains. Univ. Tennessee Press, Knoxville

48Sperka, Marie 1973. Growing Wildflowers: A Gardener’s Guide. 1973 Harper and Row.

61Steffek, Edwin  1983  The New Wild Flowers and How to Grow Them  Timber Press   Portland 

14Stefferud, Alfred 1950. How to know the Wildflowers. Mentor Books New York

53Stevens, P.F. (2001 onwards). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 7, May 2006 [and more or less continuously updated since].

64Stokes, Donald and Lillian Stokes 1992. The Wildflower Book: East of the Rockies Little Brown and Company

24Strausbaugh, P.D. and Earl L. Core, 19  . Flora of West Virginia. 2nd Ed. Seneca Books, Grantsville WV

63Taylor, Kathryn, and Stephen Hamblin. 1963 Handbook of Wildflower Cultivation. MacMillan Company. New York.

16Terwilliger, Karen 1991. Virginia’s Endangered Species. McDonald and Woodward Publishing Co. Blacksburg Va.

69Walters, Dirk, David Keil and Zack Murrell. 2006. Vascular Plant Taxonomy fith Edition. Kendal Hunt Publishing Co. Dubuque Iowa

55Wells, Diana 1997. 100 Flowers and How They Got Their Names. Algonquin books of Chapel Hill. NC.

46Wherry, Edgar T. 1948 Wild Flower Guide Northeaster and Midland United States. Doubleday & Company

Please cite the National PLANTS Database as:

52USDA, NRCS. 2005. The PLANTS Database, Version 3.5 ( Data compiled from various sources by Mark W. Skinner. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.