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Environmental Policy Analysis


Gordon Bowen

Gordon BowenProfessor of Political Science and International Relations Gordon L. Bowen has taught at MBC since 1983. After receiving his BA with honors from San Jose State University, he was awarded the MA and PhD degrees in political science from the University of California, Santa Barbara. The author of more than 50 academic publications, he also is a local OpEd columnist. Bowen’s teaching and research have focused on U.S. foreign policy throughout the 30+ years of his full-time college and university teaching. A chief focus has been American involvement with political problems of the underdeveloped nations of the Third World, and he has conducted field research both in Latin America and in the Middle East. In recent years, much of this work has concerned problems posed by terrorism and the challenges involved in creating effective counter-terrorism policies. To learn more about Prof. Bowen’s MBC courses, teaching methods, and published research, visit his website at:

Paul A. Callo

Paul CalloI have always been an inquisitive person, and have disliked not knowing the answers to puzzling questions. To that end, I have always endeavored to learn as much as I can about a wide variety of subjects. As an undergraduate, I focused on the organismal aspects of biology. I received my BS in biology from Virginia Tech in 1993 and immediately entered graduate school (also at Virginia Tech) to study blue jay food caching. While there I was able to definitively demonstrate that blue jays, an important dispersal agent for large-nut trees like oaks, remember with great precision the location of their own caches and have great difficulty finding the caches of other jays. After receiving my master’s degree in biology in 1996, I spent a summer conducting songbird surveys in the backwoods of West Virginia. I then went on to pursue my PhD in zoology at the University of Maryland, College Park. While there I studied predator-prey relationships in migratory songbirds. I specifically focused on the spatial allocation of parental care by red-eyed vireos, blue-headed vireos & hooded warblers and how it is affected by their differing extra-pair mating strategies (contrary to popular belief most bird species are not faithful for life).

Since that time I have continued to work with red-eyed vireos and have been able to extend a basic study of behavior into a long-term study of their territory fidelity and survivorship at the Hemlock Hill Biological Research Area in Pennsylvania. In the past year I have expanded this study to include sites in Augusta County, Virginia. I have also begun to include an annual survey of blood parasites found among these birds in these areas.

I greatly enjoy teaching students about science and biology. I particularly delight in those “Aha!” moments when students recognize the interconnectedness of all the things they have been learning about. The environment afforded us here at Mary Baldwin College is key to that enjoyment. The hands-on learning format of our lab courses offers students the opportunity to not only hear about how biological processes work in lecture, but also see for themselves how they work.

In my spare time I enjoy playing with the kids, home renovation projects, hiking with the dogs, and music!

Catherine Ferris McPherson

Cat McPhersonCathy Ferris McPherson is an associate professor of business administration and marketing communication for Mary Baldwin College, where she teaches and advises students in the Adult Degree Program at the Richmond Regional Center. She teaches courses in marketing principles and strategy, advertising, integrated marketing communication, business strategy, and the senior thesis. She joined the faculty in 1993.

Professor McPherson has 25 years experience in all aspects of marketing and is a professionally trained focus group moderator, specializing in the areas of retail and service marketing. As a business consultant, she has worked closely with companies such as Luck Stone, Dupont Fibers Federal Credit Union, World Access, and Goodwill Industries of Central Virginia in the area of brand strategy and development, as well as provided customer service and marketing training for individual retailers and shopping center developers, including Forest City Enterprises and Donohoe O’Brien. She conducts workshops and speaks frequently on the topic of building brands from within the organization, and branding as a business philosophy.

Ms. McPherson is a co-founder of Dress for Success Richmond, a non-profit organization that helps low-income women successfully prepare to enter the job market through self-esteem enhancement and professional skill development.

She holds a MBA from Marshall University (formerly WV Graduate College) and a BA in business/economics from Mary Baldwin College, and has the Certified Marketing Director designation through the International Council of Shopping Centers. Ms. McPherson is active in the Richmond chapter of the American Marketing Association, and is a past president of the organization.

Jane Pietrowski

Jane PietrowskiJane T. Pietrowskiearned her BA and PhD in economics from the University of South Carolina. Her research interests are in the field of industrial organization and labor economics. She co-authored (with RP Wilder and HW Chappell) “R&D, Firm Size and Concentration: Evidence from the FTC Line of Business Survey.” For eleven years (1995-2006), she served as the Vice President of Business and Finance for Mary Baldwin College and brings with her the real-world experience of managing the business affairs of a non-profit organization.

Joseph Sprangel, Jr.

Joseph Sprangel Joseph R. Sprangel Jr. (Joe) is an assistant professor of business administration for Mary Baldwin College. His teaching focus is on sustainable development or “green” business management with course offerings of Business Senior Seminar, Clean & Green: Business for a Sustainable Future, Management Principles, Project Management, Social Trends & Their Impact on Business, and Strategy & Sustainability in Business Decisions. His research area of interest is the development of a framework to move an organization from status quo to that of a focus on sustainable development practices.

Before joining the MBC faculty in 2010, Sprangel taught at Ithaca College for three years, where his classes included Operations Management in the undergraduate program and Decision Support Analysis and Sustainable Practices in Operations & Technology in the MBA program. His classroom experience also included adjunct work at Spring Arbor University and Lawrence Technological University teaching Change Management, Operations Management, Organizational Behavior, and Strategy courses in the undergraduate and graduate programs. He brings 28 years of industry experience to the classroom, which included work in machine build and repair, machine design, manufacturing engineering, and plant and engineering management.

Sprangel earned a Doctorate of Business Administration degree from Lawrence Technological University. His dissertation research was "A Study of the Direct and Mediational Effects of the SOAR™ Framework, Trust, and Environmental Management Systems on Chemical Management Services Supplier Performance at Haas TCM Group." He also holds degrees of Master of Business Administration from Spring Arbor University, Bachelor of Business Administration from Eastern Michigan University, and an Associate Degree in Mechanical Engineering Technology.

Karl Zachary

BS The University of Texas
PhD The University of Florida

Dr. Zachary’s research interests involve the experimental and theoretical analysis of systems exhibiting order that extends beyond a single molecule. These include molecular liquids under conditions where long range order is important and supramolecular complexes. Representative projects include:

Molecular Dynamics of Clathrate Hydrate Formation
A wide variety of chemical species interact with water at elevated pressures to form a class of solids known as clathrate hydrates.  These form as the hydrogen bond network in liquid water opens to form polyhedra encaging a small guest molecule. The current importance of clathrate hydrates lies primarily in the problems they pose for the oil and gas industry; in the future they may represent an important source of energy. They are interesting from a theoretical standpoint, since they posses two distinct kinds of chemical interactions: the ice-like water-water interactions of the hydrogen-bonded lattice framework, and water-guest interactions which are due almost entirely to van der Waals interactions. In addition, the study of their formation dynamics may illuminate similar processes involving molecules of biological significance. Finally, such studies may help to resolve existing controversies over the dynamics of the hydrogen bond network in liquid water itself. The research in my group involves molecular dynamics computer simulations of clathrate-forming systems, analyzing the dynamical data for evidence of the emergence of long range order and the predicted effect on laser light scattering, then comparing the results to experimental data.

Host-Guest Complexes of Cucurbit[n]uril
The cucurbit[n]uril family of macrocycles have garnered increasing attention for their selectivity and effectiveness in forming host-guest complexes that may be the basis for controlled drug delivery or molecule-sized devices. Research in my group has focused on elucidating the molecular details of the competing intermolecular forces responsible for the formation of such complexes.

Charge-Transfer Complexes of Fullerene and substituted Calix[n]arenes
The Calix[n]arene family of macrocycles have been exploited for uses as varied as radioactive waste remediation, enzyme mimetics, and ion sensitive sensors. Our interest is in their potential use in photovoltaic applications. We have found experimental evidence that derivatives of calix[4]arene form charge-transfer complexes with fullerenes permitting modulation of electron transfer from donor to acceptor. Our theoretical and computation work seeks to describe this phenomenon in quantum mechanical terms.