PolS 111 Comparative Politics: Mary Baldwin College; Prof. Bowen
-Press Freedom. 1911: Official Secrets Act: criminalizes publication of Government information if not specifically authorized.
-Right To Assemble. 1936: Public Order Act empowers police to redirect parades, or reschedule to a later date.
-Freedom of Expression: Public Order Act bars political parties from wearing uniforms, and from employing speech intended to incite violence at rallies.
-Right to Bear Arms:
· 1903: Pistols Act requires individual register in order to buy.
· 1920: Firearms Act. Only with “good reason” can rifles be bought.
· 1936: Public Order Act bars political parties from training members in the use of arms.
· 1937: Firearms Act. All automatic rifles made illegal; registration of owners of shotguns begun.
· 1988: Firearms Act. Many semi-automatic weapons made illegal.
· 1997: Firearms Act bans private ownership of handguns.
-Freedom of Speech: Race Relations Acts of 1965, 1968: criminalizes use of racist speech in public discourse.
-Presumption of innocence: 1988 Amendments to the Prevention of Terrorism Act: gave to the Government the power to confiscate the assets of apparently lawful businesses whose profits the Government believes have been used to support terrorist groups.
-Press Freedom: 1988, regulations issued by the Government prohibited broadcast of television and radio interviews with terrorist groups, or with legal political parties which support them (e.g., Sinn Fein).
-Self Incrimination / the right to remain silent: 1989 Presumptions in Criminal Trials in Ulster: permits courts to make negative inferences when suspects refuse to account to police when questioned about their movements, suspicious stains on their clothing, or when suspects refuse to give evidence in court.
-Self Incrimination / the right to remain silent: 1994, similar changes in the right to remain silent were extended to certain non-terrorist offenses throughout the U.K.
-Search Warrants: 1994: police may stop and search vehicles and pedestrians without any judicial warrant.
-2005 amendments to Terrorism Act: Using “Control Orders,” Govt. can restrict movement and associations of targeted persons; can confiscate passport. Other 2005 laws allow the Govt. to:
· jail up to 14 days on suspicion;
· deport residents with ties to Islamist radical organizations, or who have spoken in favor of same;