Survey & Question: Before You Read
- Read the title.
- Read the introduction (or first paragraph).
- Read the summary (or last paragraph).
- Read the headings/subheadings.
- Study all visual material.
- Look at key terms.
- To enhance comprehension.
- To motivate you; if your only goal is to do a “boring” assignment, you will not learn/remember much.
- Turn headings/subheadings into questions.
- Ask factual (who, what, when, etc.) questions.
- Also ask interpretive questions (compare/contrast etc.).
- As you survey the chapter.
- You can continue this as you read the chapter.
- Before you read a section, try to answer the questions you have posed, and/or define key terms.
- If necessary, add more questions/important points, and circle key terms.
- Vary your reading rate (range from deep study to skim).
- Your goal: to avoid rereading difficult passages.
- This slows you down and may increase frustration.
- Reading the rest of the chapter may clarify it.
- After reading each section.
- Helps you to organize and store information.
- Ask/answer your questions/definitions out loud.
- Scan to locate answers, if necessary; do not reread.
- In writing:
- Try mapping for difficult/confusing sections.
- Make vocabulary/concept cards.
- At least 3 times per week.
- To further consolidate/associate/reduce.
- To commit to long-term memory.
- Recite from the margins of previous chapters before reading the next one.
- Skip sections you know well.
- Review sessions become shorter and shorter.